Who are the Mormons? What do they believe in?
To begin with, it should be noted that it is commonly known as the Mormon Church, but its official name is: “Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
– Jesus Christ: for being the Son of God, the Redeemer of the world.
– Latter-day Saints: Members of the Christian Church of old were called Saints.
– They were early saints.
– Today they are ”
of the Last Days.”
– Mormons: Because of their belief in the Book of Mormon as the word of God.
– The religion was founded by Joseph Smith in the United States in 1830.
How did it all begin?
– According to its founder Joseph Smith, at age 14 he had a vision in which he was warned NOT to adhere to ANY religion, for God, through him, wanted to RESTORE the gospel.
– In 1827, Moroni, a son of Mormon and the last American prophet who had once been a Christian, appeared to him in the form of an angel.
– Mormon: He’s a Book of Mormon character, considered by Latter-day Saints to be a prophet, a military general, and a historian. Most of the book is narrated by him.
– Moroni commissioned him to search the records of ancient inhabitants of the American continent who were buried on a nearby hill and who contained the fullness of the gospel of Jesus Christ.
– Joseph went and indeed, in a stone box, found the records on gold plates.
– Joseph translated the writings with God’s help, and created “The Book of Mormon: Another Testament of Jesus Christ,” then along with others organized a new church.
– Missionaries were sent all over the world to spread this new ideology.
Book of Mormon
– The Book of Mormon is another testament of Jesus Christ. It is Joseph Smith’s translation of the holy men of ancient America that confirms the truths found in the Holy Bible.
– The Book of Mormon DOES NOT REPLACE
but they are companion works that together teach about God and Jesus Christ.
– It is a compendium of various writings and archives that are supposed to cover 600 years of history before Christ and 400 years after Christ.
– It takes its name from Mormon, for he would be one of the last prophets to write in it, around 390 A.D.
– The Book of Mormon has been translated and published in 110 languages, including Maya, Tzotzil, Cakchiquel, Q’eqchi’, K’iche’, Guarani, and Catalan.
– It was published in 1830.
– The most significant event recorded in the Book of Mormon is the personal ministry of the Lord Jesus Christ among the Nephites (one of the peoples mentioned in the book) shortly after His resurrection.
In it is set forth:
– The doctrine of the gospel
– The plan of salvation is described
– And men are told what they must do to achieve peace in this life and eternal salvation in the life to come.
The Book of Mormon concludes with a great promise-that those who read it and pray sincerely about it will be able to know through the Holy Ghost that it is true.
Divisions of The Book of Mormon
The Book of Mormon is made up of the following books, each of which is supposedly written by a descendant of Lehi, or some nephrite prophet.
– First and Second Books of Nephi
– Book of Jacob
– Book of Enos
– Book of Jarom
– Book of Omni
– Words of Mormon
– Book of Mosiah
– Book of Soul
– Book of Helaman
– Third and fourth Nephi
– Book of Mormon
– Book of Ether
– Moroni’s book
Are there differences between the Book of Mormon and the Bible?
– The Book of Mormon is the word of God, just like the Bible.
– It is Sacred Scripture, with a format and content similar to that of the Bible.
– Both books contain the guidance of God as revealed to the prophets.
– While the Bible was written by and about a people in the region of Israel and surrounding areas, and covers from the Creation of the world until shortly after the death of Jesus Christ, the Book of Mormon contains the history and dealings of the Lord with a people who lived in the Americas approximately between 600 B.C. and 400 A.D.
– The Book of Mormon prophets kept records of these dealings, which were later compiled by Joseph Smith.
– They believe that the Bible is sacred, but they consider it to be the word of God “as far as it is correctly translated” and that the “most reliable way to measure the accuracy of any biblical passage is not by comparing different texts, but by comparing it with the Book of Mormon and the revelations of today.
– They believe that God sent many prophets to spread His word after the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
There are four volumes of scripture considered by the Church to be the word of God. These are:
– The Book of Mormon
– Doctrine and Covenants:
It’s a book of scripture containing revelations the Lord gave to the Prophet Joseph Smith and a few other modern prophets.
The Pearl of Great Price:
Includes excerpts from Joseph Smith’s translation of the Bible (the inspired version), as well as the translation of some Egyptian papyri containing the writings of the Prophet Abraham, passages from the testimony and history of Joseph Smith and the Articles of Faith
Articles of Faith: Thirteen basic points of their beliefs.
– Its founder, Joseph Smith, wrote: “The fundamental principles of our religion are … about Jesus Christ who died, was buried, rose again on the third day, and ascended to heaven; All other things that belong to our religion are only appendages to it.
– Joseph Smith wrote a letter to John Wentworth, editor of the Chicago Democrat, in response to the desire he expressed to know what Church members believed.
– That document became known as the Letter to Wentworth, and it was first published in the Church’s newspaper, the Times and Seasons, in March 1842.
On 10 October 1880, by a vote of Church members, the Articles of Faith were formally accepted as Scripture:
– They believe in God the Eternal Father, His Son Jesus Christ, and the Holy Ghost.
– They believe that men will be punished for their own sins, and not for Adam’s transgression.
– They believe that through the Atonement of Christ, the whole human race can be saved, through obedience to the laws and ordinances of the Gospel.
They believe that the first principles and ordinances of the gospel are
– First, faith in the Lord Jesus Christ.
– Second, Repentance.
– Third, Baptism by immersion for the remission of sins.
– Fourth, the laying on of hands to communicate the gift of the Holy Spirit.
– They believe that man must be called by God, through prophecy and the laying on of hands, by those in authority, so that he can preach the gospel and administer its ordinances.
– They believe in the same organization that existed in the Early Church, that is, apostles, prophets, pastors, teachers, evangelists, etc.
– They believe in the gift of tongues, prophecy, revelation, visions, healings, interpretation of tongues, etc.
– They believe that the Bible is the word of God as far as it is correctly translated; they also believe that the Book of Mormon is the word of God.
– They believe all that God has revealed, all that He currently reveals, and they believe that He will yet reveal many great and important matters pertaining to the kingdom of God.
– They believe in the literal gathering of the people of Israel and in the restoration of the Ten Tribes; that Zion (the New Jerusalem) will be built on the American continent; that Christ will personally reign over the earth, and that the earth will be renewed and receive its heavenly glory.
– They claim the right to worship Almighty God according to the dictates of our own conscience, and grant all men the same privilege: to worship how, where, or what they wish.
– They believe in being subject to kings, presidents, rulers, and magistrates; in obeying, honoring, and upholding the law.
– They believe in being honest, truthful, chaste, benevolent, virtuous.
Basic Mormon Principles
– Jesus Christ is the son of God and the savior of the world.
– The family is central to the creator’s plan for the eternal destiny of his children.
– Today’s prophets and apostles are a restoration of models that existed when Christ was on earth.
– We have a responsibility as God’s children to care for those in need.
– Virgin Mary: They recognize Mary as the mother of Jesus Christ, but they do not worship her.
– Jesus Christ: The Savior of the world, He is the only way we can live again with our Heavenly Father. They believe that in the future, Jesus Christ will once again reign on earth in peace for a thousand years. Jesus Christ is the Son of God and will be our Lord forever.
– Sin: Men will be punished for their own sins, not for Adam’s transgression.
– Atonement of
The atonement of Jesus Christ allows all to rise. For those who repent of their sins, it also opens the way for continued growth and progression through the eternities.
– Symbols: No official symbol; no cross is used; the angel Moroni who lifts a trumpet is seen above Mormon temples.
– Commandments: They have the same commandments found in the Bible as the Ten Commandments and the teachings of Jesus Christ, such as loving God and loving your neighbor.
– Baptism: Baptism in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints requires total immersion in water by a person who possesses the priesthood authority to baptize.
It is the means by which people join the Church.
– People who are baptized in the Church are cleansed of their past sins and placed under covenant to live the principles of the gospel.
– Children are baptized at the age of eight.
Baptism for the Dead: A Church member may be baptized on behalf of a deceased person by serving as a representative of the person who has died.
– In the beliefs of Latter-day Saints, a person who has died retains the right to make decisions in the next life, and acceptance of the rite of baptism opens the way for continued progress.
– Baptisms for the dead are performed only in temples.
Degrees of Glory: They believe that there are 4 places where a person can be for all eternity, according to his works and the grace of Jesus Christ.
Glory or the Heavenly Kingdom (the highest kingdom)
– In this place people will live in peace, with happiness, love, and harmony.
– The people who will inherit this glory are those who have lived according to the will of God, those who first sought the kingdom of God.
– They can be with their family members as long as they receive the ordinances of Heavenly Sealing and Marriage to receive this glory.
The Earthly Kingdom:
– The people who inherit this place will be those who did not accept the gospel in mortal life but even in the Spirit World.
– Also the people who did accept the gospel, but turned away
The Telestial Kingdom (the lowest kingdom)
– There will be those who did not accept the Gospel.
– These people will suffer the punishment for their evil deeds.
The Darkness Outside
This is the place where those will go who, through the Holy Spirit, have obtained a testimony of Jesus Christ and after that have let themselves be overcome by Satan, denying the truth.
Death and resurrection: Death is not the end. It is another beginning, another step forward in Heavenly Father’s plan for His children. The spirit does not die; it will go to the spirit world, where it can continue to learn and progress, and be with its loved ones who have already passed away.
Euthanasia: They oppose euthanasia, for them the termination of life in this way is a violation of God’s commandments.
– EVEN though, when death is inevitable due to some accident, and there is brain death or similar situations, the fact should be considered a blessing and a part of the eternal existence that has its purpose.
– Members MUST NOT feel compelled to prolong mortal life by unreasonable means.
Patriarchal blessings are bestowed upon worthy members of The Church and contain personal counsel from God.
– These blessings are intended to be a roadmap for people to follow on life’s path.
– There is no set age for receiving the patriarchal blessing, but the recipients should be old and mature enough.
– The one who gives the patriarchal blessing is the patriarch, a man who is called by the church leaders to give such blessings.
Fasting Sunday: On a Sunday, usually the first of the month, they abstain from food and drink for two consecutive meals and donate the equivalent cost, or more, to the Church in order to help the poor and needy.
– The money donated is called a fast offering.
– The sacramental gathering on each fasting Sunday is called a fast meeting.
– Tithing: They donate ten percent of their income to the Church, thereby putting into practice the biblical principle of tithing.
– Special feasts: They do not have special feasts, they participate in the typical Christian feasts, such as Christmas and Easter.
– Dress codes: They have general principles of modesty.
Family: The family is one of the most important symbols for Mormons.
– That’s why there are many approaches and programs to encourage family relationships.
– They believe that in families led by a father and mother, children develop virtues such as love, trust, loyalty, cooperation, and service.
– They believe that the family endures beyond the grave, and family members can progress through eternity on an individual basis.
It’s the study of a person’s ancestors or family history.
– For members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, learning about their family history is more than an occasional activity.
– Because they believe that families are eternal, it is essential to strengthen relationships with family members, both those who are alive and those who have died.
Temple Marriage: They believe that marriages celebrated in temples are “sealed”, that is, blessed to last for eternity.
– Once a couple marries and is sealed in a Temple, the children born from that marriage will automatically be sealed to their parents at birth.
– If the children are born before the couple is sealed, they can later be sealed to their parents in the temple.
– Adopted children also have the opportunity to be sealed to their adoptive parents.
FamilySearch: It is the largest genealogical organization in the world.
– Since 1894, FamilySearch has worked in cooperation with archives, libraries and churches in over 100 countries to provide access to records so that people can find their ancestors.
– Each month, more than 3 million people use FamilySearch records, resources and services to learn more about their family history.
– These records and services are available online at
or in more than 4,600 family history centers in 126 countries, including the famed Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah.
Family History Library: FamilySearch sponsors the world’s largest genealogy library, the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah.
– The library is staffed by expert genealogical research consultants and volunteers who can help beginners get started in genealogy or assist experienced family historians find new information.
– The library’s collection contains the names of more than 3 billion deceased people from over 100 countries.
This information can be found at:
– 2.4 million rolls of microfilm
– 727,000 microfiches
– 356,000 books, serials and other formats
– More than 4,500 periodicals
– 3,725 electronic resources.
Since 1915, the Home Evening program, established by Church leaders, has encouraged parents to build and strengthen family relationships.
– Today, “home nights” are usually held on Monday nights.
– A typical Home Evening begins and ends with prayer and usually includes singing, Scripture reading, a brief lesson on a religious or practical topic, and refreshments.
– Home evenings are geared to involve all family members.
– The Church provides Home Evening materials, reviews, and lesson suggestions to help families of all faiths plan and implement this weekly activity together.
When a divorce occurs, spouses have an obligation to forgive rather than condemn each other, to have an attitude that uplifts and helps.
– Separated parents MUST maintain a good relationship with their children.
– They must remain active in the Church.
– If they repent for their bad decisions, they can be forgiven.
Mormons believe that sex is sacred.
– Not dirty or shameful.
– However, outside of marriage, they should abstain from all sexual intimacy.
– Sex is, after all, a sacred expression of love, not recreation.
They believe in the sanctity of human life. They oppose elective abortion for reasons of personal or social convenience, and advise their members not to do so.
– The Church grants possible exceptions to its members when
– Pregnancy is the result of rape or incest.
– A physician determines that the life or health of the mother is in serious danger.
– A doctor determines that the fetus has serious defects that will not allow the baby to survive after birth.
Polygamy: There are nearly 16 million members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and none of them are polygamous.
– As a restoration of the old church, some Church members also practiced polygamy in the beginning like the Old Testament prophets (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, etc.) and to grow the Church.
– The practice ended in 1890 and has been banned ever since, for over 120 years.
Health Code: Mormons are known for their healthy lifestyle.
The health plan for the Church was first written in 1833 by Joseph Smith, and he presented it as a revelation from God.
Among the provisions of the health code:
– No alcoholic beverages
– No smoking or chewing tobacco
– Not “hot drinks” – tea and coffee
– Meat should be used in moderation
– No drugs
Mormons make large donations, in an organized way, to places that need help.
– Since record-keeping began in 1985, the Church has donated more than $1 billion in cash and materials to 167 countries that have needed humanitarian aid.
– The Church does not discriminate against any religious or ethnic affiliation or nationality.
– It offers hope and the possibility of a life beyond sickness, poverty, and despair. This is all part of God’s plan.
– The Church does not have a full-time professional clergy at the congregational level.